Pavilion Re-claimed in Lebanon

BEFORE AFTER Beirut Damascus Mediterranean Sea Al Marj G h e z a i y e l R i v e r Public market Jarahieh School Mosque City centre Sheep farm Sheep farm Al Marj L i t a n i R i v e r 90,000 - 167,174 No. of registered Syrian refugees per District (UNHCR 2016) 30,000 - 90,000 16,000 - 30,000 8,000 - 16,000 3,000 - 8,000 Bekaa Valley Governorate Boundaries District Boundaries International Boundaries 0 20 40 km 200 0 400 m N Tents Buildings E X P O 2 0 1 5 , M I L A N ( M a y 2 0 1 5 - O c t . 2 0 1 5 ) J A R A H I E H S C H O O L , L E B A N O N C o n s t r u c ti o n ( J u l y 2 0 1 6 - O c t . 2 0 1 6 ) D i s m a n t l i n g ( D e c . 2 0 1 5 - M a y 2 0 1 6 ) S h i p p i n g ( J u n e 2 0 1 6 ) 3 in 5 of Syrian refugee children are Out of School (NRC, 2016) 1 in 6 Out of 5.9 million estimated population living in Lebanon 1.1 million are Syrian Refugees (UNHCR, 2018) 54% of Syrian refugees are children and adolescents (3-18 years of age) (Gov. Leb., 2017) Jarahieh ITS 1200 inhabitants Jarahieh School 320 children Syrian border 5.4 milion people fled the war LEBANON SYRIA SYRIA The war in Syria has forced 5.4 million people to seek refuge in neighbouring countries such as Lebanon. This has been stretching services and public infrastructure in the region. The disruption of education is one of the worst consequences of the 7 year conflict. The Lebanese government is struggling to cope with the high influx of Syrian refugees (1.1 million). In spite of its efforts to provide education for these children, 60% are still Out of School. Creating an adequate, stimulating and stable learning environment is essential for supporting and promoting positive childhood development. The Jarahieh School project aims to provide a good quality educational space for Syrian refugee children in Lebanon, enabling them through education to be active agents. The school was designed and implemented through participatory design practices, which engaged the community members and various stakeholders, allowing them to become part of the process. We have taken on board the needs and desires of the beneficiaries and stakeholders, to create a sustainable design that enhances the learning conditions and cultivate community cohesion. The school building was the result of an innovative sustainability exercise that saw the temporary exhibition structure of Save the Children (STC) Italy pavilion at the Milan Expo 2015 being reused in a place where there is an urgent need for shelter, such as in the Syrian refugee Informal Tented Settlements (ITS) in Lebanon. The school is located in the Jarahieh ITS of the town of Al Marj in West Bekaa, home to over 300 Syrian refugee families. The Bekaa is Lebanon’s most important farming region. It is characterized by its harsh weather conditions: snowy winters and dry, hot summers. This project was possible through the collaboration with different stakeholders: Jusoor NGO running the educational program, STC Italy donating the pavilion material, Sawa for Development Aid for local support, ARUP providing engineering pro bono consultancy, AOUMM providing technical assistance on the Expo 2015 pavilion design, the community members of the Jarahieh Settlement and Lebanese members participating in the project, and CA team designing and implementing the school project with the support of local and international volunteers. Once the Syrian Civil War is over, the School building will be used by the local municipality of Al-Marj. A project by CatalyticAction CatalyticAction (CA) is a charity (n.1169604) and design studio that works to empower communities through strategic and innovative spatial interventions. Location: Al Marj, West Bekaa, Lebanon Client: Jusoor NGO & Save the Children Italy Intervention: New Construction Site Area: 413 sqm Footprint Area: 258 sqm Building Height: 5.4m Building Status: In Use Construction Period: July 2016 - October 2016 Construction Costs: 62,000 USD Syria architecture and landscape 2586 km EXPO 2015 ITALY LEBANON Adaptive Reuse Architecture to tackle Refugee Education © Delfino Sisto Legnani 01 | 02 | 03 | 04 | 05