The Dryline

MIDTOWN WEST CHELSEA VILLAGE SOBECA MIDTOWN EAST GREATER CHINATOWN LOWER EAST VILLAGE GREATER FIDI 1650 1800 1965 2014 IN 2012, SUPERSTORM SANDY HIT NEW YORK When Hurricane Sandy hit New York two years ago, it caused havoc, and left Lower Manhattan in the dark for more than two weeks, giving rise to a new Manhattan neighborhood—SoPo—South of Power. WHAT HAPPENED DURING SANDY? • 305,000 Homes Damaged or Destroyed NYC (SIRR) • 250,000 cars in Damaged or Destroyed NY & NJ (SIRR) • More than a Million without Power (SIRR) • 11 Million Travelers affected by airport subway and road closures (SIRR) • $19 Billion in total losses (SIRR) TOTAL FATALITIES 285 HIGHEST WINDS 115 mph (185 km/h) DATE October 22, 2012 – October 31, 2012 CATEGORY Category 3 Hurricane (SSHS) HTTP://WWW.NYTIMES.COM/2012/11/28/OPINION/HURRICANE-SANDYS-RISING-COSTS.HTML?_R=0 How can a city plan for its resiliency while also plan for its future growth? EMANUEL, KERRY. “EXPLORING THE LINKS BETWEEN HURRICANES AND OCEAN WARMING.” INTERVIEW. YALE ENVIRONMENT 360. YALE SCHOOL OF FORESTRY & ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES, 15 SEPT. 2010. WEB. 29 NOV. 2014. <HTTP://E360.YALE.EDU/CONTENT/FEATURE.MSP?ID=2318 >. MASTERS, JEFF. “KARL HITS THE YUCATAN; TWO SIMULTANEOUS CAT 4S IN THE ATLANTIC FOR 2ND TIME IN HISTORY.” DR. JEFF MASTERS’ WUNDERBLOG. WEATHER UNDERGROUND, 15 SEPT. 2010. WEB. 29 NOV. 2014. CORBIS / CHARLES SYKES CORBIS / SPLASH NEWS / JB NICHOLAS CONNECTICUT PENNSYLVANIA DELAWARE MARYLAND WASHINGTON DC NEW JERSEY NEW YORK CITY NEW YORK SUPERSTORM SANDY AFFECTED-AREAS EXPANDING ATLANTIC HURRICANE ZONE RESILIENCY DISTRICTS HISTORIC COASTLINES THE BIG U The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) launched a competition, inviting teams to propose how to go beyond merely rebuilding what was destroyed during Sandy, but to create more resilient cities for when the next “Sandy” arrives. In recent years, it appears that increased recorded sea surface temperatures have significantly expanded the area over which major hurricanes can exist over the Atlantic. Additionally, an increase in the most potent and destructive storms is likely. Hurricane events like Superstorm Sandy are likely to become a more constant threat, hitting one of the most densely populated and economically productive regions in the country with accelerating frequency and potency. After we decided to focus on Manhattan, the question was clear: how can we create eight contiguous miles of flood protection without creating a sea wall, separating the life of the city from the water around it? 50% of New York City is at risk! If you look at historical maps of the city, you can see that it has grown since the 17th century, through a succession of landfills. Today these man-made areas are the ones that are at risk. The very land that we made is now the land we need to keep dry. We propose to break down 10 miles into different flood compartments, like in the hull of a ship, so even if one compartment is breached, the whole ship won’t sink. Due to the almost 90° funnel shape of the New York Bight, New York City is especially prone, with almost half the city at risk. A B C D E F G H I J K L M + JAKE LEVINE Rooted in the concept of SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE, the BIG U protects the city from stormwater while simultaneously addresses needs of the city’s communities in the public realm. PROGRAM INFRASTRUCTURE HA14_KZAKM (REBUILD BY DESIGN - THE BIG U) BOARD 2