Global Holcim Awards Silver 2012

Urban Remediation And Civic Infrastructure Hub Centro de Acção Social por Música Grotao, Paraisopolis Sao Paulo Brazil Grotão, Paraisópolis Centro de Acção Social por Música Playing Field Public elevator; Access to all levels of the site Bus Stop and turnaround Handicap accessible public ramp New terrace system Urban agriculture Terrace/Play space Seating for outdoor public events and sports Terrace connections to existing pathways; Re-integration of fragmented context Existing pathways Auxiliary Community Center Paraisópolis is an area that began to develop in the 1920s around a challenging topography of rivers. For this rea- son, regular streets and infrastructure were not implemt- ed. In the 1960s the neighboring area of Morumbi began to develop, and the construction labor force began to informally occupy the area. Before this urbanization the area was mainly agricultural. In the 1970s a new zoning law discouraged legal development on the site (due to prohibitive lot sizes), and as a result there was a boom of invasion in Paraisópolis. Despite its central urban location, the marginalized area of Grotão within Paraisópolis is effectively separated from the formal city. Within this isolated zone, increased ero- sion and dangerous mudslides have designated the site as one of many high-risk zones in the city - a primarily inaccessible void in the otherwise dense fabric. The project fundamentally transforms this void into a productive zone and dynamic public space through social design - a process of analyzing the local effects of rapid growth and improving marginalized settlements through social infrastructure. In addition to stabilizing the chal- lenging topography and eliminating further erosion dam- age, the new terraced landscape transforms Grotão into a ‘natural arena’ that encourages diverse community partici- pation. The intervention opens the edges of the void to re-establish connections within the isolated urban fabric and to introduce social programs where they were once categorically neglected. Localized moments of this pro- gram, which includes sports facilities, urban agricultural, public space, transportation infrastructure, replacement housing, and the Fábrica de Música, are simultaneously connected to all boundaries of the area by the landscape of activated terraces. The lower zone of the site contains the Fábrica da Música, which stacks diverse programs to maximize site potential. These include public transportation, sports facilities, and the music school, which contains practice and rehearsal spaces, studios, a performance hall, and auxiliary class- rooms. This is a vital catalyst in the area, expanding music and cultural programs into the favela while forming a new network that serves the youth from all levels of society. The upper zone contains new replacement housing for those displaced from high-risk zones. Commercial spaces are introduced on the first level as an economic vehicle that activates the street level and stimulates the micro- economy of the urban agriculture on site. The project proposes that architects eschew their conven- tional role in traditional hierarchies to serve as an enabling connection between the opposing forces of top-down planning and bottom-up initiatives. By creating common ground for these two forces, we can eliminate divisiveness and generate productive interactions. Here the prior- ity becomes equipping this peripheral neighborhood with infrastructure, water, sewage networks, lighting and services in addition to social infrastructure in the areas of education, safety, culture, public space, and sports. The proposed urban model aims to translate a society’s need for equal access to housing, employment, technology, ser- vices, education, and resources - fundamental rights for all city dwellers – into spatial solutions. Brazil Population: 187 Million Geographic Area: 8,547,408 km 2 Urban Population: 80% of Total São Paulo Population: 10.5 Million Metropolitan Region: 19.7 Million Geographic Area: 1,523 km 2 Paraisópolis: Population: 80,000 Geographic Area: 822,739 m 2 Occupation Date: 1960s No. of Lots: 9,236 No. of Properties: 17,141 Residential: 14,538 Other: 2,603 Architect: Urban-Think Tank Alfredo Brillembourg & Hubert Klumpner Project Architects: Michael Contento & Lindsey Sherman Project Team: Maria Augusta Bueno, Carlos Guimaraes Acoustic Engineer: Dr. Eckard Mommertz Mueller-BBM International GmbH Sustainability Engineer: Thomas Auer, Daniel Pianka Transsolar Water Engineer: Eric Rothstein, Ian Lipsky eDesign Dynamics Structural Engineer: Holger Techen Imagine Structure Envelope Engineer: Marcel Bilow Imagine Envelope 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 1 2 3 4 7 5 6 11 10 10 10 9 9 8 4 7