The Materials Book

The Materials Book 1
Introduction: The Matter of Construction: Systemic Overhaul or Tweaking the Status Quo? – Marc Angélil & Cary Siress 9
22 Propositions for Re-materializing Construction – Edited by Sarah Nichols 25
1 - “How Much Does Your Building Weigh, Mr. Foster?” 31
2 - Know Your Materials 32
3 - Do Not Forget CO2 33
4 - Produce Leaner 34
5 - Supply Better 35
6 - What Is the Labor Cost? 36
7 - Is the Price Right? 37
8 - Build Local Material Industries 38
9 - Mine the City 39
10 - Maintain or Renew, Reuse or Recycle? 40
11 - Designing for Nontoxicity: “Could I Eat Your Furniture, IKEA?” 41
12 - Simplify Material Labels 42
13 - Cross Loops 43
14 - Create Building-Component Exchanges 44
15 - Imagine a World without Waste 45
16 - Match Use Span 46
17 - Design for Disassembly 47
18 - Never Demolish, Always Transform 48
19 - Rightsize 49
20 - Embed Know-How 50
21 - Make It Desirable 51
22 - “If Less Is More, Maybe Nothing Is Everything” 52
Propositions 23–37 53
Talks on Materials 57
Make Do – Anne Lacaton 58
Sustainability Triad: Three Timber Buildings – Christine Binswanger 80
Place, Nature, Energy, Recycling, Materiality – Lord Norman Foster 99
Harvesting Materials in a World of Finite Resources – Laila Iskandar 121
Changing Paradigms: Materials for a World Not Yet Built 139
Build More with Less: How to Create the Future without Destroying the World – Werner Sobek 142
Cultivated Building Materials: The Fourth Industrial Revolution? – Dirk Hebel & Felix Heisel 145
Mushroom Materials Named under the Sun – Phil Ross 150
Reuse and Recycling: Materializing a Circular Construction – Felix Heisel 156
Reuse Economy – Maarten Gielen 161
Paradigm Shift: The City of 1,000 Tanks, Chennai – Eva Pfannes 169
Shifting the Flows, Pulling the Strings: Stocks, Flows, and Their Dynamics 181
Beyond Circularity – Marilyne Andersen & Guillaume Habert 184
How the Circular Economy Can Lead to Carbon Neutrality – Serge Salat 187
Enhancing Livability through Resource Efficiency: An Urban Metabolism Study in Cairo – Heba Allah Essam E Khalil 191
Toward Urban Dematerialization: Governance for the Urban Commons – Mark Swilling 198
How Much Does Your Building (or Its Corresponding Infrastructure) Weigh? – Stefanie Weidner 201
Cities as Ecosystems and Buildings as Living Organisms – Christoph Küffer 206
From Manual to Digital and Vice Versa: Digitization, Labor, and Construction 211
Imposing Challenges, Disruptive Changes: Rethinking the Floor Slab – Philippe Block, Cristián Calvo Barentin, Francesco Ranaudo & Noelle Paulson 214
Pizza and Dirt in Uganda: A Student-Led Project Proves the Viability of Rammed-Earth Construction – Achilles Ahimbisibwe 220
Building Climate: From Mechanical to Material – Arno Schlueter 225
Designing for Natural Ventilation: Climate, Architecture, System – Alpha Yacob Arsano 228
Rebuilding after Disaster: Children’s Recreational Center in Juchitán, Oaxaca – Loreta Castro Reguera 233
KnitCrete: Building in Concrete with a Stay-in-Place Knitted Fabric Formwork – Mariana Popescu, Matthias Rippmann, Tom Van Mele & Philippe Block 239
Catch-22: Material Needs versus Material Impact 245
MaGIC: Marginal Gains in Construction – John Orr 248
From India: Three Lessons in Sustainable Construction – Soumen Maity 253
Cement and Concrete Materials Science and Engineering Education in Africa: Opportunities for Development – Yunus Ballim 257
Concrete as a Socio-technical Process – Elise Berodier 261
Urbanism and the Technosphere – Albert Pope 265
Building to Cool the Climate: The New Carbon Architecture – Bruce King 271
Epilogue: Standing on a Thin Arch: Incremental versus Radical Change – Simon Upton 275
A Collection of Building Components and Materials – Compiled by Something Fantastic 289
Use What's Already There 292
Expand Your Horizons 294
An Ur-material Reconsidered 296
Bring On the Bamboo 298
Embrace the Rubble 300
Cheap, Recyclable Facades 302
Air-Freshening Tiles 304
Minimize the Stuff You Use 306
A Nineteenth-Century Marvel, Revived 307
Be Adaptable 308
A Transparent Solution 310
Invasive Plant, Innovative Aggregate 312
A Greener Cement 313
Slow Down and Sip the Lemonade 314
Optimize at the Factory 316
Building with Boulders 318
Love Your Local Quarry 320
Don't Forget the Lefovers 322
Overhead Steel 324
A Powerful Facade 325
Making Timber Great Again 326
Bring the Outside In 328
A Yellower Shade of Pale 330
Reconsidering a Classic Shape 332
Push Back against the Wind 334
Strength through Diversity 335
Going Tubular 336
Iron That Grows in the Garden 338
Replacing Walls with Wire 340
A Careful Choice of Bricks 342
Marble Made of Yogurt Pots 344
Multispecies Architecture 346
White-Line Fever 348
No Need for Cooking 350
Renovate Rather than Raze 351
Green Doesn't Have to Be Expensive 352
The Secret of the Garden 354
No Mortar? No Worries 356
Going Green, Hold the Earth Tones 358
From Waste to Walls 360
Cover the Balcony 362
Spread the Load 364
Don't Overcook the Bricks 366
Build with Mushrooms 368
Frescos for the Modern Era 370
Holy Concrete! 371
Be Reasonable 372
Easy on the Ears 374
Embrace the Breeze 376
Call the Local Tile Maker 378
A Smaller Toilet 380
Screw It, Don't Glue It 382
The Power of Nothing 384
Donor Acknowledgement 387
Contributor Biographies 388
Image Credits 398
Colophon 400

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