Forum 2016 - Infrastructure Space - Detroit (Ruby Press)

37 36 requires practicing a kind of forensic analytics in order to excavate, expose, and comprehend the apparatus—be it with regard to border, fuel, water, logistics, or defensive infrastructures. The recognition of the infrastructural apparatus is, ultimately, em- powering for the design and redesign of infrastructure. It instrumen- talizes the design, implementation, and operation of new infrastruc- tures, such as those for renewable energies, through the framework of their socio-technical assemblages. This also enables the transfor- mation of infrastructural systems through their own internal logics, codes, and processes so that, incrementally, less violent relations can eventually be produced between human inhabitations and lands, waters, atmospheres, and other species. It is important to develop an understanding of the agency of in- frastructure in the production of territory not only through its mate- rial properties, but also through the relations of violence intrinsic to the control of space, and through its symbolic dimensions, such as social identity. Here, we speak not only of societal violence—such as when border infrastructures control sovereign territory, or when resource territories are inscribed onto indigenous lands, or the vi- olence enacted upon communities when they are excluded from access to civic infrastructures—but also the relations of violence between the natural world and ourselves, which encompass every- thing from environmental degradation to “natural disasters” such as floods, hurricanes, or earthquakes. If we can frame terms such as sustainability or resilience through their functions of relationships, then the agential capabilities of infrastructural systems can be ap- proached more productively. 1. H. William Batt, “Infrastructure: Etymology and Import,” Journal Professional Issues in Engineering 110, no. 1 (1984): 1. 2. Stuart Elden, Terror and Territory: The Spatial Extent of Sovereignty (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009), xxix. 3. Ibid., xxx. 4. Stuart Elden, The Birth of Territory (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013), 16–17. Planetary Urbanization Neil Brenner and Christian Schmid During the last several decades, the field of urban studies has been animated by an extraordinary outpouring of new ideas regarding the role of cities, urbanism, and urbanization processes in ongoing global transformations. Yet, despite these advances, the field con- tinues to be grounded upon a mapping of human settlement space that was more plausible in the early twentieth century than it is today. The early twentieth century was a period in which large-scale industrial city regions were being consolidated in conjunction with major demographic, socioeconomic, and environmental shifts in the erstwhile “countryside.” Consequently, the field of twentieth-century urban studies defined its agendas through a series of geographi- cal contrasts. As debates raged regarding how best to define the specificity of urban life, the latter was universally demarcated in opposition to a purportedly nonurban zone, generally classified as “rural.” The bulk of twentieth-century urban studies rested on the assumption that cities represented a particular type of territory that was qualitatively specific, and thus different from the putatively nonurban spaces that lay beyond their boundaries. The demarca- tions sepa- rating urban, suburban, and rural zones were recognized as having shifted historically, but the spaces them- Part 1 Compiled by Something Fantastic