Global design competitions: shaping a sustainable future /construire un avenir durable

The Pritzker Prize, the Golden Lion, the Praemium Imperiale, the Global Awards for Sustainable Architecture, the European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture - Mies van der Rohe Award, the Philippe Rotthier European Prize for Architecture, as well as the the European Copper in Architecture Awards, the TERRA Award, the first international prize for contemporary earthen architecture, etc. The full list would be longer and even more overwhelming given the mountain of medals and other awards of every sort. The most prestigious among these concern both public and private initiatives. The Pritzker Prize – the most famous of them all and considered the ‘Nobel Prize for Architecture’ has been awarded every year since 1979 by the Hyatt Foundation, which was created in 1957, just as businessman Jay Pritzker was acquiring his first Hyatt House hotel. The latest edition of the Pritzker honoured Japanese architect Arata Isozaki, the conscious choice of the eight members of the jury, some of whom had already served on previous Pritzker juries. Altogether, for the last forty years, only 42 leading figures have enjoyed the privilege of serving on this prestigious panel. Among these are of course architects – many of whom have themselves won the Prize (Arata Isozaki as well as Fuhimiko Maki, Frank Gehry, Shigeru Ban, Alejandro Aravena, Balkrina Doshi, etc.) – but also critics, journalists and major global players in the business world, e.g., Giovanni Agnelli, chairman of Fiat, who sat on the jury from 1984 to 2003 and Thomas J. Watson Jr, chairman of IBM, from 1982 to 1986. Furthermore, the awarding of this prize depends entirely on the whims of this limited circle of luminaries. Architects do not submit their name for consideration for this honour, bestowed with a generous endowment of 100,000 US dollars, or approximately 90,000 euros. The value to the recipient of the Praemium Imperiale is even more significant: 15 million yen, or about 120,000 euros. This award is granted every year by the imperial family of Japan on behalf of the Pritzker Prize, Lion d’Or, Praemium Imperiale, Global Awards for Sustainable Architecture, Prix Mies van der Rohe, Philippe Rotthier European Prize for Architecture, mais aussi Prix européen du cuivre, Prix mondial des architectures contemporaines en terre crue... La liste pourrait être plus longue encore et bien plus étourdissante encore tant il existe un nombre vertigineux de médailles et récompenses en tout genre. Parmi elles, les plus prestigieuses répondent d’initiatives publiques comme privées. Ainsi, le Pritzker Prize – le plus célèbre, considéré comme le « Prix Nobel de l’architecture » – est attribué chaque année depuis 1979 par la fondation Hyatt créée en 1957 alors même que l’entrepreneur Jay Pritzker faisait l’acquisition de son premier hôtel Hyatt House. La dernière édition en date du Pritzker a récompensé l’architecte japonais Arata Isozaki, un choix assumé par les huit membres du jury, dont certains étaient d’ailleurs d’ores et déjà présents aux délibérations précédentes. En tout, depuis quarante ans, seules 42 personnalités ont eu le privilège d’être membre de ce prestigieux panel. Parmi eux, des architectes – dont beaucoup sont par la suite devenus lauréats (Arata Architecture, at what Prize? By Jean-Philippe Hugron L’architecture, à quel Prix ? Par Jean-Philippe Hugron Survey 2

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